Born on December 10, 1870 in Brno, Adolf Loos was one of the most important pioneers of the modern movement in architecture. Loos had a major influence on the development of 20th century architecture with his writings rather than his buildings. He influenced some most important architects such as Le Corbusier, Mies van der Rohe and many other modernists with his perception about the ornamentation. In 1908, he published his essay called ‘Ornament und Verbrechen’ which translated as ‘Ornament and Crime’.
Ornament and Crime is actually a manifesto which Loos strongly argued that use of ornamentation was a destruction of the society. Continue reading “Arch121|Ass06| Adolf Loos: Ornament and Crime”
Born on January 9, 1989 in Copenhagen, Steen Eiler Rasmussen was a Danish architect, urban planner and writer. He was a professor at Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts. He was the author of London: The Unique City, Towns and Buildings and Experiencing Architecture.
This week we were assigned to read the first chapter of Experiencing Architecture. The first point that took my interest is the title of the book and I thought that the title gives to the reader a clue about what the book has to offer.
The first chapter is called Basic Observations which Rasmussen does a lot of comparisons between architecture and fine arts. He stated that an architect works with the form of mass just as a sculptor does or he works with the colors like a painter works. However, Continue reading “Arch121|Ass05| Experiencing Architecture”
Islam has spread in Arabic peninsula where the inhabitants are nomadic Arab people. Its architecture has very been associated with the religion which brought a new type of sanctuary named mosque. At first it was built as a multicolumned hypostyle hall which the columns were taking position according to the qibla but now we known with its domes.
Mecca was the primary city of the nomads due to the Kaaba which is a sacred place in form of a black cube. Mosques provide a common space which the nomads needed for gathering and performing their daily worship. Early examples of mosques resemble to the Roman basilicas and forums and based on the hypostyle halls. Continue reading “History of Architecture: 600-800”
Early Christian Italy
Since the Christianity started to appear as an official religion and spread in Rome, the formation of churches became a vital subject. The Roman Temple was for the pagan religion which emphasized the exterior space rather than the function of interior space whereas, Christianity was a religion of enclosed spaces. Unlike the colonnaded façades of Roman temples, Christian churches have simple and unornamented façades. They have large interiors with paintings, mosaics on the wall and marble colonnades. In this period, we see the early example of churches and the basilica. Continue reading “History of Architecture: 300-600”
Last week we went to our first long-distance trip, Konya. We visited Meke Maar, Taşkale and Çatalhöyük.
It’s a lake formed by a volcanic eruption. We observe levels of different earth due to the eruption. Understanding of this site is very crucial for us because we will integrate the spaces that we are going to create with Meke’s landscape.
Tissue of the topography change in each level so that human experiences differ in each level.
Then we went to Taşkale also known as Kızıllar. What is interesting is that this place is not an example of additive architecture. Generally we create spaces by adding whereas this time we see a different approach of creating spaces; subtraction. Continue reading “Site Excursion to Konya”