Casa Batlló

 

WhatsApp Image 2018-05-06 at 20.41.11 (1)

 Casa Batlló also known as Casa dels ossos (House of Bones) is one of the Antoni Gaudí’s masterpieces which is located in the middle of Passeig de Gràcia. It is reconstructed for prestigous family which was known with their contribution to the textile industry in the city.

 

 

 

WhatsApp Image 2018-05-06 at 20.40.58 (1)

The front façade of the building resemble of skull with openings for eyes and nose.  The details of the façade remind us a skeleton. The façade built by mosaic of glass and ceramics and during the day because of the sun it gives an impression of waving and being in motion.

 

 

WhatsApp Image 2018-05-06 at 20.41.14

 

Another point is the roof which is shaped like the back of a dragon with shiny and colourful flakes. The left the roof is bordered by a four-armed cross tower which was a sign of Gaudí. The architect again inspired by the nature, both in exterior and the interior, curvilinear and organic shapes dominated the building elements.

You can watch this short video which shows the fairy and magical look of the building.

Advertisements

Housing Reference| Prejury II

My volumetric relation quotation that I quoted from Compact Karst House turned to a reference. I realized that when it was a quotation, it started to border me in terms of scale, space organization. Moreover, the instructors gave us new information about our sites. My house is in an urban context semi-detached to a house on the short edge and it is a warm a humid climate. According to these new information and decisions my model changed.

Also, through these processes we always worked on many plan and section drawings for our design.

 

Casa Milà

buCasa Milà popularly as known La Pedrera is the last private residence which Antoni Gaudí designed. It is located on Passeig de Gràcia which is one of the major avenue in Barcelona including shopping and business areas.

WhatsApp Image 2018-05-02 at 01.35.14

It is a unique structure with its waving façade and its roof. The curvilinear stone façade has no load-bearing function because there are steel beams which attached to the structure support the façade’s weight. I think that this structural feature allows Gaudí to design a  continuous curvilinear façade and use organic geometry without any structural concerns. The main façade built by limestone blocks and he left the materials natural so I can say that its texture also gave the building its organic quality. These are my thoughts about the building when I looked its exterior. We couldn’t enter the building so I couldn’t experience its interior but when I search on the internet I am really sorry for missing it.

I found a short video that shows the integration of the building with the nature. We can see in this video that how the elements of the house come from the nature.

 

Park Güell

Park Güell is a public park designed by Antoni Gaudí. Count Eusebi Güell wanted a park for the aristocrats of Barcelona far from the city centre. Güell planned a housing development which they can benefit from the site’s panoramic view and fresh air condition. However only two of the houses were completed and Gaudí himself inhabited one of them. The park is known by its terrace and entrance.

The main iconic entrance flanked by two houses that seem to have come from fable. One of the houses is Casa del Guarda.

 

 

Façades that tell stories

The life and teachings of Jesus are represented on the three façades of La Sagrada Família and each one represents one of the crucial events of Christ’s existence: his Passion, Death and Resurrection; and his present and future Glory. As the sun moves through the day, the light emphasises the qualities of each façade. These are from the back façade. I very like the form of the structures.

Moreover, when I visited the museum of the Temple, I came across with the structure of the portrait of Antoni Gaudí and his card.

 

La Sagrada Família-1

Last spring break I went to Barcelona, the city of Gaudí. Even in the side streets I came across the buildings designed by ‘el genio’, Antoni Gaudí. The most impressive work of him was La Sagrada Família which was a project of a lifetime. It became architect’s top priority so that he devoted 43 years of his life and the last 12 working only on the Temple of the Sagrada Família.

It is impossible to understand the process of building without knowing how Gaudí worked. He was always worked with scale plaster models, which he believed that it was the most effective way to experiment the building rather than working on plans. The models and drawings he left behind have allowed later generations to remain true to his work.

” It is not a disappointment that I will not be able to finish the Temple. I will grow old, but others will come after me. This will make it even more grandiose.” 

In his studio, Gaudí used models to experiment and creative new shapes for a Christian temple. His workspace is located on the city center which allowed him to draw up his plans right at the site and monitor the progress.

“The site is in the centre of he city and plain of Barcelona, with the same distance separtaing the Temple from the sea and the mountains, Sants and Sant Andreu, and the Besos and Llobregat Rivers.”

IMG_1712

The sculptures both on the façade and the interior are so fascinating. Before doing the final version in stone, Gaudí used modelling techniques to create most of the sculptures: he chose a person or animal, made a plaster model and then he made a larger version to make corrections. Still there is a plaster workshop(on the left) which they create new plaster models necessary for the construction of the temple.

 

In Gaudí’s own word, the Nativity façade was meant to express the “joy and hope of life”. All of its decorations celebrate divine creation and cal for brotherhood. Unfortunately, Gaudí lived to  see only one of the four bell towers completed.

“We’ve completed one whole façade of the temple so that its importance will make it impossible to not carry on with the works.”

 

 

IMG_0942

 

Gaudí designed the cloisters which surround the Nativity façade in order to isolate it from noise of the expanding city while it also serves as a place for praying if it can’t be held outside due to bad weather.  He also designed large openings to let the sunlight flood in the space.

 

 

IMG_0962

The apse façade is built between 1890 and 1893 which is particularly important because it shows the transition between Villar’s(1) Neo-Gothic architecture and Gaudí’s own style. It is dedicated to the Virgin Mary who Gaudí was very devoted to.

 

 

 

 

 

 

WhatsApp Image 2018-05-02 at 00.20.46

 

(1) Francisco de Paula del Villar y Lozano was an arcitect who planned la Sagrada Familia but later he abandoned the project as a result of disagreements with the promotors. We can see that his concept followed the prevailing guidelines of the time with Neo-Gothic elements: Latin-cross floor plan, ogival windows buttresses, flying buttresses, a pointed bell tower which we saw them before in our ARCH221 class.

 

 

The stained glass windows which are on the apse façade gave a dramatic light experience on the interior.

Lastly, for today, I want to talk about the crypt. The crypt is a semicircular space located below the apse, approximately 10 meters under ground. When Gaudí took over the project from Villar, the work had aldready began on the foundtions and columns, so he respected the Neo-Gothic style but he also made significant changes. He increased the height of the crypt and surrounded it by a ditchthat improve lighnting and allow air to flow underneath. Another significant contribution that Gaudi made to the crypt is to use Roman mosaic on the floor.

I will continue to share my experience in La Sagrada  Família.. Before I go, I want to suggest a song to you which my dad recommended to me.