When we went to Meke Maar, I realized that we were always in between two hills or one hill and mountain. So, I wanted to analyze and worked on the in between condition. The condition changes according to two main things; the distance between two hills and the height of two hills.
I went to Marseille with my family for Christmas holiday. It was short but incredible break for me.
Cathédrale de la Major
Vue de Notre-Dame de la Garde
Eglise des Réformés
Arc de Triomphe de la Porte d’Aix
There was a workshop about concrete, which is organized by the our school’s Architecture and Design Society. The community invited C40 Design to explain how and where the concrete can be used.
We designed our boxes and then we filled the boxes with concrete. We mixed the cement, water and sica with our own hands. I think it was a good experience for us because for the first time we felt a material. Then, we waited them to dry and we exhibited the final products in our school’s underpass.
Between 14th and 15th centuries, arts and architecture revived ancient Greco-Roman culture to bring the humanist idea. Italian artists and architects tried to understand and discover the main concept of designs and tried to make use of them in their products instead of just copying the past. That’s why new architecture in Italian cities had geometric basis, more uniform scale and harmonious proportions linked to the classical orders. The rebirth of ancient art and architecture not only carried an aesthetic agenda but also implied the restoration of a lost ideal social and political order.
In 14th century the rich merchant families of the parliament channeled their sources into great civic projects, including the public palace now called Palazzo Vecchio, the new cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, the public market of Or San Michele, the city walls and the bridges. Most public works in this century they used rounded arches, symmetrical placed bays and harmonious proportions based on whole numbers in Florence. To this, the Florentines added a new way of seeing treating buildings as freestanding objects in proportional space.
The Dome of Florence and Its Architect, Filippo Brunelleschi
The dome that covers the Florence cathedral is known as Brunelleschi’s dome. When it was designed, it was the largest dome in the world. He proposed a structure that would support itself during the process of construction. Its structure is a double shell supported by sturdy pillars.
Brunelleschi conserved the dome’s pointed arches and ribs from the Gothic scheme of a few generations earlier, while adding several all’antica motifs to the exterior, some of which included Corinthian half-columns showing his familiarity with the monuments of the ancient. Double dome is significant feature of that period. Also, light is another important aspect of the dome and the domes are very high like Gothic specifics.
In 241, we were assigned to construct a concept model for what is essentially the structural system of one-story library building. We calculated dead and live loads in order to find the number of columns and braces. Here is our model:
Charlemagne: The Revival of Roman Empire and the Role of Monasteries
After the fall of the Roman Empire, Europe was invaded by barbarians, political power destroyed, the feudal system divided the society and church remained as the only authority. Charlemagne is the first Holy Roman emperor tried to bring back the importance and the welfare of the Roman Empire. He attributed his power to monasteries and cathedrals and supported their constructions.
Charlemagne’s palace and chapel at Aix-la-Chapelle, now called Aachen, was highly inspired by Byzantine and Roman works. There is gallery passed from a basilica meeting hall through the major gateway and into the palatine chapel which is similar to the viaduct like gateway used for connecting Hagia Sophia to imperial palace in Constantinople. In the center of Charlemagne’s courtyard there are statues taken from Ravenna to revive the Roman spirit. Continue reading “LATE POST: History of Architecture: Western Europe After Roman Empire”
South East Asia and Southern India
Indian religion and architecture spread throughout Southeast Asia. Asian societies reflected their social hierarchy and political order to their architecture by building monumental buildings for sacred spaces and palaces.
In Indian designers used mandala diagrams which mostly is used to show the religious connection of political order. It represented their basis of structures and inspired the perception of complex symbolic landscapes like the great temple Borobudur and Angkor. Borobudur temple is one of the most significant sample as a successful achievement of a 2D geometry on a 3D construct because the references of the plan of the shrine was taken directly from mandala. Moreover, in Borobudur temple even it is an open space, there is a feeling of enclosure due to the statues and stupas which are covered the terrace. Continue reading “LATE POST: History of Architecture: 800-1200”